Wednesday, June 20, 2012

What is a speech/language disorder??

A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds.  A language disorder refers to a difficulty understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas.

Speech disorders include:

Articulation Disorders- difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly to the point that listeners can't understand what's being said

Fluency disorders- problems such as stuttering, in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions or prolonging sounds and syllables

Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders- these include difficulties with drooling, eating and swallowing

Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive:

Receptive Disorders- difficult understanding or processing language

Expressive Disorders- difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way

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